The Way a Condenser Microphone Works
What is a condenser?
A condenser is an electronic component that will store energy in the form of what is called an electrostatic field. A condenser microphone
uses a capacitor to convert the acoustical energy from the microphone itself into electrical energy.
The word condenser is actually obsolete and is only around because the word has stuck. Condenser mics work only with the power of something like a battery or another external source. These microphones are not the most ideal if you are performing high volume work because they are very sensitive which makes them prone to distortion.
This is the way a condenser microphone works. The capacitor has two plates which has a certain amount of voltage between them. One of the plates in the microphone is made up from light material which acts as a diaphragm. The diaphragm then will vibrate when it is struck by sound waves, which changes the distance between the two different plates which in turn changes the capacitance.
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